1. Introduction of Computer
1.7 Applications of IECT
E-governance is a key to make information technology (IT) relevant to ordinary citizens. It allows citizens to communicate with government and participate in the governments policy-making .
It is a network of organizations to include government, nonprofit and private-sector entities. In e-governance, there are no distinct boundaries.
The model for e-governance is a one-stop portal, such as firstgov.gov, where citizens have access to a variety of information and services. An ideal portal would be one for employment where a citizen creates a profile and is presented with employment opportunities at the federal, state, local, non-profit and private-sectors
The primary delivery models of e-Government can be divided into:
> Government-to-Citizen or Government-to-Customer (G2C)
> Government-to-Business (G2B)
> Government-to-Government (G2G)
> Government-to-Employees (G2E)
Within each of these interaction domains, four kinds of activities take place:
>Pushing information over the Internet e.g: regulatory services, general holidays, public hearing schedules, issue briefs, notifications etc.
>Two-way communications between the agency and the citizen, a business, or another government agency. In this model, users can engage in dialogue with agencies and post problems, comments or requests to the agency.
> Conducting transactions e.g: lodging tax returns, applying for services and grants.
> Governance e.g: online polling, voting and campaigning.
to renew their vehicle registration have a convenient way to accomplish it while already engaged in meeting the regulatory inspection requirement.
To develop these public sector portals or platforms, governments have the choice to internally develop and manage, outsource or sign a self-funding contract. The self-funding model creates portals that pay for themselves through convenience fees for certain e-government transactions, known as self-funding portals.
Some of our states where E-Governanace activities are taking place are:
State of Goa "Dharani Project" :
is an initiative of the government of Goa to computerize the land records in the state that inculdes Issuing of computerized certified copy of village maps, Confirmation of Possession of property in City Survey, partition and re-survey etc.
State of Haryana "Nai Disha" :
is an electronic interface between the Government and the citizens. It is a step towards making Government Services available to the citizens anytime anywhere.
State of Himachal Pradesh "Lok Mitra" :
is a Web-enabled Government-Citizen Interface of Himachal Pradesh Government and is one of the innovative schemes by Government of Himachal Pradesh to provide the general public, especially living in distant rural areas of the State, with the benefits of "Using Information Technology (IT) in Governance (E-Governance)" at their doorstep.